alexa (2013) Incremental expansion: examining user-initiated transformations in government housing in Manaus


Journal of Architectural Engineering Technology

Author(s): Harper C, Portugal V, Shaikley C

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The principle aim of this paper is to examine the user-initiated transformations in the context of the PROSAMIM program in Manaus, Brazil. This resettlement program provides a good opportunity to discuss and analyze incremental construction for the low-income sector. The project offers a platform for comparison between the impacts of two housing designs in identical contexts. There have been two distinct phases in this resettlement program. The first phase offered a housing typology that, according to the local government, inadvertently encouraged owners to expand their units as a product of the architectural design. In response, the second phase had been deliberately conceived in an inflexible configuration. The intention behind the rigidity of the second phase had been to prevent the expansion that had emerged after the implementation of the first phase of housing units. This study seeks to understand the government’s instinctive opposition to transformation in the built environment, to understand the motivation for adjustment from the first phase to the second, and to observe the impact of the decision to limit incremental expansion for the user. By surveying how and where users transformed their units and an elaboration of a comparative research analysis of the data collected, we mean to comprehend where the intentions of both government and users could benefit from an incremental housing proposal.

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This article was published in Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology and referenced in Journal of Architectural Engineering Technology

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