alexa 27-hydroxycholesterol is an endogenous selective estrogen receptor modulator.
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

Author(s): Ivanova T, Beyer C

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Estrogen plays an important role during differentiation of midbrain dopaminergic neurons. This is indicated by the presence of estrogen receptors and the transient expression of the estrogen-forming enzyme aromatase within the dopaminergic cell groups. We have previously shown that estrogen regulates the plasticity of dopamine cells through the stimulation of neurite growth/arborization. In this study, we have analyzed the capability of estrogen to influence the activity of developing mouse dopamine neurons. The expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) was assessed by competitive RT-PCR and Western blotting. The developmental expression of TH in the ventral midbrain was studied from embryonic day 15 until postnatal day 15 and revealed highest TH levels early postnatally. This profile coincides with the transient aromatase expression in this brain area. Using cultured midbrain cells, we found that estrogen increased TH mRNA/protein levels. The application of the estrogen receptor antagonist ICI 182,780 resulted in a complete inhibition of estrogen effects. To verify these data in vivo, fetuses were exposed in utero from E15 until birth to the aromatase inhibitor CGS 16949A or to CGS supplemented with estrogen. CGS caused a robust reduction in TH mRNA/protein levels in the midbrain, which could be restored by estrogen substitution. Taken together, our data strongly suggest that estrogen controls dopamine synthesis in the developing nigrostriatal dopaminergic system and support the concept that estrogen is implicated in the regulation of ontogenetic steps but also in the function of midbrain dopamine neurons.

This article was published in Mol Endocrinol and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

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