Author(s): Ngele E, Vollmer M, Hrth P, Vad C
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Abstract Today, 2D online or offline liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry is state of the art for the identification of proteins from complex proteome samples in many laboratories. Both 2D liquid chromatography methods use two orthogonal liquid chromatography separation techniques. The most commonly used techniques are strong cation exchange chromatography for the first dimension and reversed phase separation for the second dimension. In order to improve sensitivity the reversed phase separation is usually performed in the nanoflow scale and mass spectrometry is used as the final detection method. The high-performance liquid chromatography techniques complement the 2D-gel techniques supporting their weaknesses. This is especially true for the gel separation of hydrophobic membrane proteins, which play an important role in living cells as well as being important targets for future pharmaceutical drugs.
This article was published in Expert Rev Proteomics
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics