Author(s): Auzzi G, Bruni F, Cecchi L, Costanzo A, Vettori LP,
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Abstract Syntheses of some pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidines were performed in order to study the relationship between structural modifications on the parent 4,7-dihydro-2-phenylpyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidin-7-one (1) and their antiinflammatory properties. The modifications carried out were introduction and functionalization of a longer side chain at the 4-position, substitution of the hydrogen atom at the 3-position, and replacement of the phenyl group with a 4-methylphenyl, methyl, or hydrogen substituent. 4-Ethyl-4,7-dihydro-2-phenylpyrazolo [1,5-a]pyrimidin-7-one (3) showed the highest activity and a better therapeutic index than phenylbutazone and indomethacin, used as reference drugs. All other changes at the 3-, 5-, and 6-positions, as well as the replacement of the phenyl group at position 2, caused a marked decrease of activity. Compound 3 was found devoid of ulcerogenic activity and was probably endowed with antiulcerogenic properties.
This article was published in J Med Chem
and referenced in Chemical Sciences Journal