alexa 3-Methylcholanthrene-induced transforming growth factor-beta-producing carcinomas, but not sarcomas, are refractory to regulatory T cell-depletion therapy.


Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Author(s): Chamoto K, Wakita D, Ohkuri T, Uchinami Y, Matsushima K,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are major immunosuppressors in tumor-bearing hosts. Although Treg-depletion therapy has been shown to induce a complete cure in tumor-bearing mice, this treatment is not always successful. Using 3-methylcholanthrene-induced primary mouse tumors, we examined the distinct regulation of Treg-mediated immunosuppression between carcinomas and sarcomas. We showed that the number of Tregs was greatly increased in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)-bearing mice compared with sarcoma-bearing mice. This appeared to be because SCC produced higher levels of active transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta, which is essential for inducing Tregs, compared with sarcoma. Moreover, SCC, but not sarcomas, were refractory to Treg-depletion therapy by treatment with anti-CD25 mAb. The refractoriness of SCC against Treg-depletion therapy was due to the rapid recovery of Tregs in SCC-bearing mice compared with sarcoma-bearing mice. However, combination treatment of anti-TGF-beta mAb with anti-CD25 mAb caused a significant reduction in Treg recovery and induced a complete cure in SCC-bearing mice. Thus, we showed the refractoriness of mouse carcinoma against Treg-depletion therapy using anti-CD25 mAb treatment. We also proposed a novel Treg-blocking combination therapy using anti-CD25 mAb and anti-TGF-beta mAb to induce a complete cure of tumor-bearing hosts. This article was published in Cancer Sci and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version