alexa 6-Mercaptopurine attenuates adhesive molecules in experimental vasospasm.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Chang CZ, Lin CL, Kassel NF, Kwan AL, Howng SL

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Adhesion molecules, including intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and E-selectin, are important inflammatory mediators which are elevated in the serum of patients following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The authors previously found that 6-mercaptopurine (6-mp) was effective in preventing and reversing arterial narrowing in a rodent SAH model. The present study was to examine whether levels of adhesion molecules were altered after treatment with 6-mp in this animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Animals were each injected with autologous blood into the cisterna magna, and intraperitoneal treatment with 6-mp (2 mg/kg) was initiated 1 h before (prevention) or later (treatment). The compound was subsequently administered at 24 and 48 h post-SAH. Blood samples were collected at 72 h post-SAH to measure ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and E-selectin levels. The basilar arteries were harvested and sliced, and their cross-sectional areas were measured. Morphologically, convolution of the internal elastic lamina, distorted endothelial wall, and myonecrosis of the smooth muscle were prominently observed in the SAH only and vehicle-treated SAH groups, but not in the 6-mp-treated SAH group or in healthy controls. No significant differences were found in the levels of VCAM-1 among all groups. However, the levels of E-selectin were increased in all animals subjected to SAH (SAH only and SAH plus vehicle groups) compared with healthy controls (no SAH), but not in the 6-mp group (SAH plus 6-mp treatment and preventive treatment with 6-mp).Likewise, the levels of ICAM-1 in the SAH only and SAH plus vehicle groups were significantly elevated (p < 0.001), and pretreatment and treatment with 6-mp reduced ICAM-1 to control levels. CONCLUSION: These results show that ICAM-1 and E-selectin may play a role in mediating SAH-induced vasospasm and that a reduction of both adhesive molecules after SAH may partly contribute to the antispastic effect of 6-mp. This article was published in Acta Neurochir (Wien) and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords