alexa A 12-month randomized, open-label study of the metabolic effects of olanzapine and risperidone in psychotic patients: influence of valproic acid augmentation.
Dermatology

Dermatology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Author(s): Meltzer HY, Bonaccorso S, Bobo WV, Chen Y, Jayathilake K, Meltzer HY, Bonaccorso S, Bobo WV, Chen Y, Jayathilake K

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Longitudinal data comparing the metabolic effects of olanzapine and risperidone with or without valproic acid supplementation in schizophrenic and bipolar patients are lacking. METHOD: This study compares the metabolic effects of olanzapine and risperidone in a prospective, randomized, open-label trial in 160 patients with DSM-IV-TR schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or bipolar disorder after 1, 3, 6, and 12 months' treatment. The study was conducted between 2000 and 2006. The primary analysis compared all patients randomized to olanzapine or risperidone; the primary outcome measure was changes in triglycerides (TG), and TG/high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio, a risk factor for ischemic cardiovascular disease. Secondary analyses included the effect of concomitant valproic acid. RESULTS: Significantly greater increases in weight (F(4,434) = 4.7), body mass index (BMI) (F(4,424) = 5.1), glycosylated hemoglobin (HgbA1c) (F(4,427) = 4.3), total cholesterol (F(4,429) = 4.4), TG (F(4,426) = 5.9), and TG/HDL-C ratio (F(4,426) = 4.3) (P < .005 for all drug × time interaction effects) were observed at all but the initial time points in the olanzapine- compared to the risperidone patients. Olanzapine/+valproic acid produced significantly greater increases in HgbA1c, BMI, weight, TG, and TG/HDL-C than olanzapine/-valproic acid at 3 and 6 months, while risperidone/+valproic acid produced significantly smaller increases in HgbA1c, BMI, and weight at 1, 3, and 6 months than risperidone/-valproic acid. The olanzapine/+valproic acid group had significantly greater BMI, and weight at 1, 3, and 6 months, and greater HgbA1c at 3 and 6 months, compared with the risperidone/+valproic acid group. There were too few patients treated with mood stabilizers other than valproic acid to analyze effects of any other mood stabilizer separately. Metabolic effects did not differ significantly by diagnostic category (schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder vs bipolar disorder). CONCLUSION: Further study of the metabolic effects of adjunctive valproic acid is indicated, as valproic acid may produce markedly different metabolic effects when combined with various antipsychotic drugs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00179062. © Copyright 2011 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc. This article was published in J Clin Psychiatry and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords