Author(s): Sanya EO, Taiwo SS, Olarinoye JK, Aje A, Daramola OO,
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Abstract In this review, hospital case records of 202 adult tetanus managed between January 1990 and December 2001 in a tertiary institution in Southwestern Nigeria were reviewed. The mean age of the patients was 36.1+/-17.8 years with male:female ratio of 2.2:1 and an overall mortality rate of 64\%. Patients with unfavourable outcomes spent 4.5+/-0.41 days compared with 16.6+/-1.2 days by those who survived. Factors associated with poor prognosis are age >60 years (P=0.029), incubation period <7 days (P=0.007), period of onset <48 h (P=0.0001), tachycardia with pulse rate >120/min (P=0.001) and spasm (P=0.002). Gender (P=0.11), post-injury vaccination (P=0.48) and types of antibiotics administered (P=0.49) were not significantly associated with increased mortality. The three most common complications were aspiration pneumonitis, sepsis and urinary bladder obstruction while complications with highest mortality (100\%) were sepsis and cardiac arrest.
This article was published in Trop Doct
and referenced in Journal of Tropical Diseases & Public Health