alexa A beta-glucan inhibitable receptor on human monocytes: its identity with the phagocytic receptor for particulate activators of the alternative complement pathway.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Author(s): Czop JK, Austen KF

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The ligand specificity of the human monocyte receptor that mediates phagocytosis of particulate activators of the human alternative complement pathway was defined by inhibiting the phagocytic response with glycans known to be present in zymosan. When monocytes in monolayers were preincubated with 100 micrograms/ml of beta-glucan and then incubated with 1.25 to 2.5 X 10(6) zymosan particles, the percentage of cells that exhibited phagocytosis was inhibited in a time-dependent manner; maximal inhibition occurred within 20 min of preincubation. beta-Glucan inhibited monocyte phagocytosis of zymosan and rabbit erythrocytes (Er) in a similar dose-dependent fashion and at 100 micrograms/ml reduced monocyte ingestion of 5 X 10(6)/ml zymosan and 2 X 10(8)/ml Er by 63 +/- 8\% and 68 +/- 16\% (mean +/- SD, n = 3), respectively. The other glycan constituent of zymosan, mannan, was less than 1\% as active, and 10 mg/ml of mannan reduced the number of monocytes ingesting zymosan and Er by 56 +/- 12\% and 26 +/- 11\%, respectively. At concentrations as high as 500 micrograms/ml, beta-glucan had no effect on monocyte Fc, C3b, or fibronectin receptor-mediated functions. Enzymatic hydrolysis of beta-glucan and alpha-mannan with beta-glucosidase or beta-glucanase before their incubation with monocytes abrogated their inhibitory capacity, whereas hydrolysis with alpha-mannosidase or alpha-glucosidase did not. Neither of the two alpha-glucans tested (dextran T-70 and nigeran) affected monocyte ingestion of zymosan particles or sheep erythrocytes (Es) sensitized with rabbit 7S anti-Es (EsIgG) at concentrations as high as 2 mg/ml. In contrast, a number of beta-glucans were active against zymosan but not EsIgG ingestion with a 75\% reduction in the number of monocytes ingesting zymosan occurring with 100 micrograms/ml laminarin, 500 micrograms/ml soluble pachyman, and 900 micrograms/ml of soluble pustulan. The galactan, agarose, either in suspensions at 2 mg/ml or in a soluble portion at 600 micrograms/ml failed to affect monocyte ingestion of zymosan particles or Er. Thus, the monocyte receptor for particulate activators that is specifically inhibited by beta-glucan at a rate compatible with a phagocytic process and that recognizes beta-glucans but not alpha-glucans, mannan, or galactan is a beta-glucan receptor.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version