Author(s): Matsuda M, Yamazaki M, Osada J, Hirata M, Amaya F
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Abstract Intracranial hemorrhage is a rare complication during the pregnancy but carries a poor prognosis. We experienced a case of emergency cesarean section and craniotomy for removal of hematoma due to arteriovenous malformation (AVM) rupture. A 33-year-old woman at 26 weeks of pregnancy suffered a sudden onset of headache and disturbance of consciousness. She was diagnosed with left cerebral hemorrhage due to AVM rupture. Emergency cesarean section was followed by the surgical removal of the hematoma under general anesthesia. Postoperative courses of both mother and baby were satisfactory. The severity of illness of the mother strongly influences her fetus and vise versa. When performing cesarean section before craniotomy, anesthesia should be managed to prevent recurrence of intracranial hemorrhage during the cesarean section and atonic bleeding during the craniotomy. Anesthetist should have adequate knowledge and communicate adequately with obstetrician and pediatrician to achieve better prognosis for the intracranial hemorrhage during pregnancy.
This article was published in Masui
and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research