Author(s): Tamamura Y, Uchida I, , Tanaka K, Nakano Y,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract BACKGROUND: Salmonella enterica Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) is the most common cause of bovine salmonellosis in Japan and where it is also cause of salmonellosis in wild birds. In 2008, a postpartum cow at a dairy farm developed diarrhea caused by S. Typhimurium. The herd was extensively surveilled for Salmonella sp. and we characterized bacterial isolates from this and other cows to determine the source of infection. RESULTS: Eight isolates of S. Typhimurium from cattle were identified as phage type DT40 and showed a 100 \% similarity by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and the same or similar multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis profiles as those of S. Typhimurium isolated from dead sparrows (Passer montanus) collected at Asahikawa in 2006. S. Typhimurium DT40 was considered to be a major cause of high sparrow mortality in Hokkaido in 2005-2006 and 2008-2009, suggesting that DT40 maintained in sparrows was transmitted to cattle. CONCLUSIONS: S. Typhimurium DT40 may be transmitted from sparrows to dairy cattle.
This article was published in Acta Vet Scand
and referenced in Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology