alexa A catalytic defect in mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I due to a mutation in NDUFS2 in a patient with Leigh syndrome.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Author(s): Ngu LH, Nijtmans LG, Distelmaier F, Venselaar H, van Emstde Vries SE,

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Abstract In this study, we investigated the pathogenicity of a homozygous Asp446Asn mutation in the NDUFS2 gene of a patient with a mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I deficiency. The clinical, biochemical, and genetic features of the NDUFS2 patient were compared with those of 4 patients with previously identified NDUFS2 mutations. All 5 patients presented with Leigh syndrome. In addition, 3 out of 5 showed hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Complex I amounts in the patient carrying the Asp446Asn mutation were normal, while the complex I activity was strongly reduced, showing that the NDUFS2 mutation affects complex I enzymatic function. By contrast, the 4 other NDUFS2 patients showed both a reduced amount and activity of complex I. The enzymatic defect in fibroblasts of the patient carrying the Asp446Asn mutation was rescued by transduction of wild type NDUFS2. A 3-D model of the catalytic core of complex I showed that the mutated amino acid residue resides near the coenzyme Q binding pocket. However, the K(M) of complex I for coenzyme Q analogs of the Asp446Asn mutated complex I was similar to the K(M) observed in other complex I defects and in controls. We propose that the mutation interferes with the reduction of coenzyme Q or with the coupling of coenzyme Q reduction with the conformational changes involved in proton pumping of complex I. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

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