alexa A common single nucleotide polymorphism in the CD14 promoter decreases the affinity of Sp protein binding and enhances transcriptional activity.
Immunology

Immunology

Immunotherapy: Open Access

Author(s): LeVan TD, Bloom JW, Bailey TJ, Karp CL, Halonen M

Abstract Share this page

CD14 is a pattern recognition receptor that plays a central role in innate immunity through recognition of bacterial lipoglycans, primarily LPS. Recently, our group has identified a common single nucleotide polymorphism, -159C-->T, in the CD14 proximal promoter. Homozygous carriers of the T allele have a significant increase in soluble CD14, but a decreased total serum IgE. This epidemiologic evidence led us to investigate the molecular basis for the effects of CD14/-159C-->T on CD14 regulation in monocytes and hepatocytes, the two major cell types known to express this gene in vivo. EMSA analysis showed that the T allele results in decreased affinity of DNA/protein interactions at a GC box that contains a binding site for Sp1, Sp2, and Sp3 transcription factors. In reporter assays, the transcriptional activity of the T allele was increased in monocytic Mono Mac 6 cells, which express low levels of Sp3, a member of the Sp family with inhibitory potential relative to activating Sp1 and Sp2. By contrast, both alleles were transcribed equivalently in Sp3-rich hepatocytic HepG2 cells. Our data indicate that the interplay between CD14 promoter affinity and the [Sp3]:[Sp1 + Sp2] ratio plays a critical mechanistic role in regulating transcription of the two CD14 alleles. Variation in a key gene of innate immunity may be important for the pathogenesis of allergy and inflammatory disease through gene-by-gene and/or gene-by-environment interactions.
  • To read the full article Visit
  • Subscription
This article was published in J Immunol. and referenced in Immunotherapy: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords