alexa A comparative study of plasma membrane Mg2+ -ATPase activities in normal, regenerating and malignant cells.


Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Ohnishi T, Suzuki T, Suzuki Y, Ozawa K

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Abstract Plasma membranes have been prepared from rat normal liver cells, regenerating liver cells and Yoshida ascites hepatoma 66 cells after intact cells were first bound to polylysine-coated polyacrylamide beads, and the membrane-associated Mg2+ -ATPase activity was assayed directly on beads with membrane attached. With plasma membranes from normal liver cells, Km for ATP and V were found to be higher than those in regenerating liver cells and hepatoma cells. Vanadate caused a different sensitivity of the activity, without an effect in normal liver cells and with an inhibition in regenerating liver cells and hepatoma cells. The activity in normal and regenerating liver cells decreased with increasing temperature above 24-30 degrees C, while the activity in hepatoma cells continued to increase linearly to 37 degrees C. Unlike the enzyme in normal and regenerating liver cells, the hepatoma enzyme was shown to have a higher phase transition temperature and lower activation energies. In all three kinds of cells the activity was increased by the dephosphorylation of plasma membranes and unaffected by the phosphorylation. By means of histochemical Mg2+ -ATPase staining applied on polyacrylamide gels, at least three major bands which show the enzymic activity were visible in normal and regenerating liver and a single band was detected in hepatoma cells.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

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