alexa A comparison of epidural analgesia with combined continuous femoral-sciatic nerve blocks after total knee replacement.


Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Zaric D, Boysen K, Christiansen C, Christiansen J, Stephensen S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Epidural analgesia remains the "gold standard" of pain relief after total knee replacement. However, peripheral nerve block is gaining popularity because the incidence of side effects may be reduced. Our study tests this postulate. Sixty patients were prospectively randomized to receive either epidural infusion or combined continuous femoral and sciatic nerve blocks. Ropivacaine 2 mg/mL plus sufentanil 1 mug/mL was given either epidurally or through the femoral nerve catheter, and ropivacaine 0.5 mg/mL was given through the sciatic nerve catheter using elastomeric infusers (delivering 5 mL/h for 55 h). The primary outcome measure was the total incidence of side effects (urinary retention and moderate to severe degrees of dizziness, pruritus, sedation, and nausea/vomiting on the first postoperative day). Intensity of motor blockade, pain at rest and on mobilization, and rehabilitation indices were also registered for 72 h. One or more side effects were present in 87\% of patients in the epidural group whereas only 35\% of patients in the femoral and sciatic block groups were affected on the first postoperative day (P = 0.0002). Motor blockade was more intense in the operated limb on the day of surgery and the first postoperative day in the peripheral nerve block group (P = 0.001), whereas the non-operated limb was more blocked in the epidural group on the day of surgery (P = 0.0003). Pain on mobilization was well controlled in both groups and there were no differences in the length of hospital stay. Rehabilitation indices were similar. The results demonstrate a reduced incidence of side effects in the femoral/sciatic nerve block group than in the epidural group on the first postoperative day. This article was published in Anesth Analg and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version