Author(s): Denepitiya L, Kleinberg I
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Abstract Of the 20 strains tested, Strep. mutans Ingbritt (c), LM-7(e), QP50 -1(f) and K-1R(d/g) produced the largest decreases in pH with glucose, sucrose and starch whereas E-49(a), OMZ-61(a), FA-1(b), BHT(b), GS-5(c) and OMZ-176(d/g) produced the least. In the absence of saliva, catabolism of starch was less than catabolism of either glucose or sucrose but, with saliva present, the differences were considerably reduced. The strains varied in ability to accumulate and degrade stored polysaccharide (a means of producing a more acidic pH), but without relation to serotype. No strains showed pH-rise activity with saliva supernatant, sialin or urea but the b serotypes showed pH rise with arginine and lysylarginine . All strains showed activity from endogenous substrates. Aciduricity was determined by assessing the ability to grow on brain-heart-infusion agar adjusted to pH 5.0 to 7.0. All strains grew better at pH 7.0 than 5.0. Among the least aciduric strains were those of b serotype which being among those least able to decrease the pH with fermentable carbohydrate and the only one to raise pH with arginine and arginine peptide, suggested that this serotype might appear more often in caries-free than in caries-active plaques and in plaques showing a less acidic Stephan pH response. The acid-base and aciduric properties of the non-b serotype strains indicated that any one or more of these could be associated with caries-active plaques.
This article was published in Arch Oral Biol
and referenced in Dentistry