Author(s): Chapple CR
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Abstract alpha(1)-Adrenoceptor antagonists are now well established as the most common treatment for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of bladder outflow obstruction associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Both alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists and 5alpha-reductase inhibitors are accepted treatments for LUTS, but with finasteride this applies only to patients with clinically enlarged prostates, whereas alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists are considered to be appropriate treatment for all patients, irrespective of prostate size. Systematic analyses of placebo-controlled studies show that commonly used alpha(1)-blockers are significantly superior to placebo in improving urinary flow and reducing symptoms. Efficacy of alpha-blockers appears to be well maintained over time, and there is no evidence of tolerance or tachyphylaxis to alpha(1)-blockade after 6-12 months' usage. Direct comparative trials show that, in the short term, alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists are more effective than finasteride in reducing symptom score. For alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists, the most commonly reported adverse effects are dizziness, asthenia, postural hypotension, and syncope. Alfuzosin has a more pronounced effect on blood pressure than does tamsulosin, especially in elderly patients. Tamsulosin is well tolerated and has minimal effects on blood pressure; tamsulosin 0.4 mg has the lowest potential to reduce blood pressure and causes less symptomatic orthostatic hypotension than terazosin.
This article was published in Rev Urol
and referenced in Journal of Hypertension: Open Access