alexa A constitutively active SPTBN1-FLT3 fusion in atypical chronic myeloid leukemia is sensitive to tyrosine kinase inhibitors and immunotherapy.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Leukemia

Author(s): Grand FH, Iqbal S, Zhang L, Russell NH, Chase A,

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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine the consequences and significance of an acquired 46XX,t(2;13;2;21)(p13;q12;q33;q11.2) in atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML). METHODS: Translocation breakpoints were identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization and a novel fusion gene identified by rapid amplification of cDNA ends polymerase chain reaction. Functional analysis of the fusion was performed using the Ba/F3 transformation assay and specific inhibition demonstrated using small molecule inhibitors. RESULTS: Fluorescence in situ hybridization indicated that FLT3 at 13q12 was disrupted and 5'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends polymerase chain reaction identified a novel in-frame mRNA fusion between exon 3 of SPTBN1 (spectrin, beta, nonerythrocytic 1) at chromosome 2p16 and exon 13 of FLT3. Expression of SPTBN1-FLT3 transformed Ba/F3 cells to growth factor independence and was accompanied by constitutive phosphorylation of the fusion protein and the downstream substrate extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2. The growth of transformed cells was inhibited in a dose-dependent fashion by SU11657, PKC412, and TKI258 (CHIR-258), but not by imatinib. To determine if FLT3 might be involved more widely in BCR-ABL-negative aCML, we analyzed 40 cases and found two were internal tandem duplication-positive, but D835 mutations were not observed. The t(2;13;2;21) patient was initially treated with hydroxyurea and subsequently underwent an unrelated donor bone marrow transplantation. She relapsed cytogenetically at 4 years, but responded to donor lymphocyte infusion, achieving sustained cytogenetic and molecular (nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction) remission. CONCLUSION: Although FLT3 abnormalities are uncommon in aCML, SPTBN1-FLT3 is a novel constitutively active tyrosine kinase that appears to responsive to both targeted signal transduction therapy and immunotherapy. This article was published in Exp Hematol and referenced in Journal of Leukemia

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