Author(s): Fiete DJ, Beranek MC, Baenziger JU
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Abstract A critical element of lutropin bioactivity in vivo is its rapid removal from the blood by a receptor, located in hepatic endothelial cells, that recognizes the terminal sulfated carbohydrate structure SO4-4-GalNAcbeta1,4GlcNAcbeta1,2Manalpha (S4GGnM). We have previously shown that the macrophage mannose (Man)-receptor cDNA directs the synthesis of a protein that binds oligosaccharides with either terminal S4GGnM or terminal Man, at independent sites. We now show that the cysteine-rich (Cys-Rich) domain at the N terminus of the Man/S4GGnM receptor accounts for binding of oligosaccharides with terminal GalNAc-4-SO4, whereas calcium-dependent carbohydrate recognition domains (CRDs) account for binding of ligands containing terminal Man. The Cys-Rich domain is thus a previously unrecognized carbohydrate binding motif. Cys-Rich domains have been described on the three other members of the endocytic C-type lectin family of receptors. The structural relationship of these receptors to the Man/S4GGnM receptor raises the possibility that their Cys-Rich domains also bind carbohydrate moieties and contribute to their function.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics