alexa A demographic profile of traumatic and non-traumatic spinal injury cases: a hospital-based study from India.
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Spine

Author(s): Agarwal P, Upadhyay P, Raja K

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Abstract STUDY DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Retrospective descriptive analysis of data of patients with spinal injuries admitted to a tertiary referral medical center from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2004. OBJECTIVES: To identify the demographic profile of patients with spinal injuries admitted in this hospital. SETTING: Medical records department, Kasturba Hospital, Manipal, Karnataka, India. METHODS: A total of 207 patients with traumatic and non-traumatic spinal injuries were included in the study. The patient characteristics that were included were age groups, neurologic status, mode and neurological level of injury, management and recovery pattern. RESULTS: Ratio of men to women who sustained spinal injuries was 3.6:1. The maximum number of patients was in the age range of 20-39 years. The different levels of spine that sustained injuries were cervical spine (36.2\%), thoracic spine (34.3\%) and lumbar spine (29.5\%). There were 118 patients with neurological deficit. Mechanisms of injury recorded were fall from height (58.9\%), fall of weight (7.2\%), motor vehicle accidents (21.3\%) and non-traumatic causes (12.6\%). Of these 207 spinal injury patients, 74.4\% were managed conservatively, whereas 25.6\% patients were managed surgically. OBSERVATION: This study gives a preliminary overview of the characteristics of patients with spinal injuries in this hospital. This article was published in Spinal Cord and referenced in Journal of Spine

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