alexa A direct comparison of endothelial progenitor cell dysfunction in rat metabolic syndrome and diabetes.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Clinical & Medical Biochemistry

Author(s): Kuliszewski MA, Ward MR, Kowalewski JW, Smith AH, Stewart DJ, , Kuliszewski MA, Ward MR, Kowalewski JW, Smith AH, Stewart DJ,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with impairment of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), but the effects of metabolic syndrome (MS) on EPCs have been less well characterized. We hypothesized that in the presence of MS, the number and functionality of EPCs would be markedly reduced, and would be similar to DM. METHODS: Mononuclear cells were isolated from the bone-marrow (BM) and peripheral blood of lean Zucker, obese Zucker, a model of MS, and Zucker diabetic fatty rats. Cultured BM-EPCs underwent in vitro functional testing and the ability of BM-EPCs to promote neovascularization in vivo was assessed in a model of hindlimb ischemia in athymic mice. RESULTS: While circulating EPC numbers were similarly reduced in both MS and DM rats, BM-derived EPC numbers were less affected. In vitro testing of cultured BM-EPCs from obese Zucker demonstrated a marked reduction in EPC differentiation, a greater propensity to apoptosis, a reduced migratory response and matrigel tubule formation, similar to findings in Zucker diabetic fatty rats. When delivered to the ischemic hindlimb of athymic mice, the recovery of perfusion using both BM-EPCs from obese Zucker and Zucker diabetic fatty rats were diminished, as compared to lean Zuckers. CONCLUSION: In the presence of the MS, BM-derived EPCs develop marked functional impairment, resulting in severely reduced angiogenic capacity in vivo. Similar to DM, EPC dysfunction may play a prominent role in the pathogenesis of vascular complications in the MS, and may potentially limit the use of BM-derived EPCs for therapeutic angiogenesis. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Atherosclerosis and referenced in Clinical & Medical Biochemistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 2nd International Conference on Biochemistry
    Sep 21-22, 2017 Macau, Hong Kong
  • 7th International Conference on Predictive, Preventive and Personalized Medicine & Molecular Diagnostics
    Oct 23-25, 2017 Chicago, USA
  • International Conference on Biotech Pharmaceuticals
    October 23-25, 2017 Paris, France

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords