alexa A germline-specific class of small RNAs binds mammalian Piwi proteins.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders: Current Research

Author(s): Girard A, Sachidanandam R, Hannon GJ, Carmell MA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Small RNAs associate with Argonaute proteins and serve as sequence-specific guides to regulate messenger RNA stability, protein synthesis, chromatin organization and genome structure. In animals, Argonaute proteins segregate into two subfamilies. The Argonaute subfamily acts in RNA interference and in microRNA-mediated gene regulation using 21-22-nucleotide RNAs as guides. The Piwi subfamily is involved in germline-specific events such as germline stem cell maintenance and meiosis. However, neither the biochemical function of Piwi proteins nor the nature of their small RNA guides is known. Here we show that MIWI, a murine Piwi protein, binds a previously uncharacterized class of approximately 29-30-nucleotide RNAs that are highly abundant in testes. We have therefore named these Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs). piRNAs show distinctive localization patterns in the genome, being predominantly grouped into 20-90-kilobase clusters, wherein long stretches of small RNAs are derived from only one strand. Similar piRNAs are also found in human and rat, with major clusters occurring in syntenic locations. Although their function must still be resolved, the abundance of piRNAs in germline cells and the male sterility of Miwi mutants suggest a role in gametogenesis. This article was published in Nature and referenced in Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • George R. Bousfield
    Influence of Glycans on Biological Activities of Pituitary Gonadotropins: Follicle-Stimulating and Luteinizing Hormone
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Dilip Mukherjee
    Epidermal growth factor (EGF) promotes ovarian steroidogenesis and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling is required for gonadotropin-induced steroid production in common carp Cyprinus carpio
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

  • International Meeting on Women's Health and Breast Cancer
    Oct 12, 2017, Dubai, UAE
  • International Conference on Gynecology and Obstetrics Pathology
    October 23-24, 2017 Orlando, USA
  • 5th International Conference on HIV/AIDS, STDs and STIs
    Nov 13-14, 2017, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords