alexa A highly conserved arginine in gp120 governs HIV-1 binding to both syndecans and CCR5 via sulfated motifs.


Journal of Glycobiology

Author(s): de Parseval A, Bobardt MD, Chatterji A, Chatterji U, Elder JH,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract HIV-1 has maximized its utilization of syndecans. It uses them as in cis receptors to infect macrophages and as in trans receptors to infect T-lymphocytes. In this study, we investigated at a molecular level the mechanisms that control HIV-1-syndecan interactions. We found that a single conserved arginine (Arg-298) in the V3 region of gp120 governs HIV-1 binding to syndecans. We found that an amine group on the side chain of this residue is necessary for syndecan utilization by HIV-1. Furthermore, we showed that HIV-1 binds syndecans via a 6-O sulfation, demonstrating that this binding is not the result of random interactions between basic residues and negative charges, but the result of specific contacts between gp120 and a well defined sulfation in syndecans. Surprisingly, we found that Arg-298, which mediates HIV-1 binding to syndecans, also mediates HIV-1 binding to CCR5. We postulated that HIV-1 recognizes similar motifs on syndecans and CCR5. Supporting this hypothesis, we obtained several lines of evidence that suggest that the 6-O sulfation recognized by HIV-1 on syndecans mimics the sulfated tyrosines recognized by HIV-1 in the N terminus of CCR5. Our finding that CCR5 and syndecans are exploited by HIV-1 via a single determinant echoes the mechanisms by which chemokines utilize these two disparate receptors and suggests that the gp120/chemokine mimicry may represent a common strategy in microbial pathogenesis. This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Glycobiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • International Conference on Glycobiology
    Sep 21-22, 2017, Crowne Plaza Houston River Oaks, Houston, USA
  • 2nd International Conference on Biochemistry
    Sep 21-22, 2017 Macau, Hong Kong
  • International Conference on Glycobiology
    Oct 02-04, 2017 Atlanta, USA
  • 4th International Conference on Glycobiology and Glycochemistry
    July 16-18, 2018 Melbourne, Australia
  • 4th Glycobiology World Congress
    September 17-19, 2018 Rome, Italy
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version