Author(s): Gupta VK, Chandra S, Lang H
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Abstract (H(2)NCHMeCH(2)NH(2))(H(2)O)(2)HgCl(2) (I) was synthesised, characterised and used for the fabrication of a potentiometric sensor for Hg(2+) metal ions. Membrane having I as electroactive material, sodium tetraphenyl borate (NaTPB) as an anion excluder, dibutylamine (DBA) as plasticizer in PVC matrix in the percentage ratio of 10:3:150:150 (I:NaTPB:DBA:PVC) (w/w) exhibits a linear response to Hg(2+) ions in a concentration range of 1.25x10(-5) to 1.0x10(-1)M having a detection limit of 8.9x10(-6) with a slope of 25+/-0.1mV over the pH range 6.6-9.3. Selectivity coefficients for Hg(II) relative to a number of interfering ions were investigated. The electrode is highly selective for Hg(2+) ions over a large number of mono-, bi-, and trivalent cations. Normal interferents like Ag(+) and Cd(2+) do not interfere in the working of the electrode. The electrode has also been used successfully in mixtures having a 10\% (v/v) methanol and acetone content without showing any considerable change in working concentration range or slope. These electrodes have been found to be chemically inert showing a fast response time of 10s and were used over a period of 4 months with good reproducibility (s=+/-0.2). The electrode was used for determination of mercury in binary mixtures with 100\% recovery and thus the proposed sensor can be used for real sample analysis.
This article was published in Talanta
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability