Author(s): Davies JA, Bull RH, Farrelly IJ, Wakelin MJ
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Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Decreased ankle mobility is associated with delayed healing of venous ulcers. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a 24-week home-based exercise programme in increasing ankle range of motion and increasing the strength and endurance of the calf muscle. The secondary aim was to see whether subjects with venous ulcers were able to maintain a consistent exercise programme. METHODS: Eleven patients with long-standing venous ulcers were encouraged to undertake a thrice-weekly 5-10 min ankle exercise programme using elastic resistance bands and stretching in a 24-week single-arm pilot study. Ankle range of motion was measured monthly using a bi-plane ankle goniometer. Pain scores and participation levels were also recorded. RESULTS: There were significant improvements in ankle range of motion achieved at 12 and 24 weeks. Median pain scores (scale of 1-10) were reduced from 5.2 at baseline to 2.0 at weeks 12 and 24. CONCLUSION: These results show that a simple, home-based exercise programme is effective in achieving gains in ankle range of motion and may help to reduce pain. Good participation levels show that it is not only effective, but also feasible. A larger randomized controlled study is needed to show whether there is a positive effect on ulcer healing.
This article was published in Phlebology
and referenced in Journal of Novel Physiotherapies