Author(s): Bonavina L, Bona D, Binyom PR, Peracchia A
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Surgical resection is the treatment of choice for esophageal carcinoma. Over the past decade, laparoscopy has proven an accurate staging modality for detecting peritoneal carcinosis and small metastatic liver deposits unsuspected at preoperative investigation. This has led to a change in surgical strategy in up to 20\% of patients. In addition, by means of laparoscopic techniques, it is possible to mobilize the stomach and perform a safe transhiatal mediastinal dissection at least up to the level of the inferior pulmonary veins. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Laparoscopy-assisted esophagectomy was attempted in 43 patients over the past 3 years. The esophagectomy was performed via laparoscopy combined with right thoracotomy (group A) or with left cervicotomy and transmediastinal endodissection (group B). RESULTS: The overall conversion rate to laparotomy was 11.6\%. No hospital deaths occurred. The morbidity rate was 20\% in group A and 30.7\% in group B. The mean hospital stay was 11 in group A and 10 days in group B. Five patients died between 11 and 19 months after surgery with recurrent disease. No port-site metastases were recorded during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: This approach has proven feasible and safe in the medium-term follow-up. Further experience and a longer follow-up are needed to assess the impact of these procedures on long-term survival.
This article was published in J Surg Res
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy