Author(s): Mesce KA, Amos TM, Clough SM
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Abstract Modified protocols for cobalt-filling and silver intensification of neurons in the larval and adult stages of the moth, Manduca sexta, have led to improved neuronal visualization and minimal background staining. In particular, long distance projecting multisegmental interneurons, originating in the pterothoracic or terminal abdominal ganglion, were best visualized when a cobalt:lysine complex was used to fill hemi-connectives for several days at 4 C. Ganglia closest to the placement of tracer, which became flooded with cobalt:lysine during the filling period, were removed from the insect. This step eliminated the artifactual filling of neurons that may have taken up the tracer from such pooled regions. This led to a more accurate assessment of whether a multisegmental interneuron projected through the full length of nerve cord to the original site of tracer placement. The protocol for light insensitive silver intensification of cobalt-filled neurons was modified to include an important pH adjustment. NaOH was used to alter the pH of the protective colloid, sodium tungstate, to 10.4 or greater in solution. Especially in larvae, our techniques produced intensely stained cobalt-filled neurons within ganglia that remained transparent and relatively free of nonspecific silver deposition.
This article was published in Biotech Histochem
and referenced in Dermatology and Dermatologic Diseases