alexa A long-term study on vector abundance & seasonal prevalence in relation to the occurrence of Japanese encephalitis in Gorakhpur district, Uttar Pradesh.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy

Author(s): Kanojia PC, Shetty PS, Geevarghese G

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus is an important cause of viral encephalitis in Gorakhpur district, UP. The area has been experiencing outbreaks of JE since 1978. No in-depth longitudinal studies have been carried out on the mosquito species, particularly JE vectors prevailing in the area. Entomological studies were carried out in the district in order to determine the species composition, relative abundance and seasonal prevalence of mosquitoes in relation to the incidence of JE. METHODS: Three JE affected villages were selected as study sites. Weekly visits were made to each village and mosquito collections were made in and around the pig enclosures and cattle sheds with the help of mouth aspirators, aided by flash lights at dusk. RESULTS: The overall mosquito population showed a bimodal pattern with short and tall peaks during March and September respectively. Based on the elevated density and infection with JE virus, Culex tritaeniorhynchus has been considered responsible for causing epidemics in the area. Cx. pseudovishnui, Cx. whitmorei, Cx. gelidus, Cx. epidesmus, Anopheles subpictus, An. peditaeniatus and Mansonia uniformis are suspected to have played some role in the epidemiology of JE in the region. JE cases were reported between August and November with the peak in October when the vectors population, particularly Cx. tritaeniorhynchus was on the decline. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSION: The results of the study indicate that Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, the most likely vector of JE together with other known vector species remained more active during the period of paddy cultivation. Integrated antilarval measures before the beginning of paddy irrigation may check the breeding of JE vectors in the paddy fields. It may prove beneficial in reducing the vector population during the JE transmission season.
This article was published in Indian J Med Res and referenced in Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords