Author(s): Huo X, Wang J, Ghovanloo M, Huo X, Wang J, Ghovanloo M
Abstract Share this page
Abstract We have developed a noninvasive, unobtrusive magnetic wireless tongue-computer interface, called "Tongue Drive," to provide people with severe disabilities with flexible and effective computer access and environment control. A small permanent magnet secured on the tongue by implantation, piercing, or tissue adhesives, is utilized as a tracer to track the tongue movements. The magnetic field variations inside and around the mouth due to the tongue movements are detected by a pair of three-axial linear magneto-inductive sensor modules mounted bilaterally on a headset near the user's cheeks. After being wirelessly transmitted to a portable computer, the sensor output signals are processed by a differential field cancellation algorithm to eliminate the external magnetic field interference, and translated into user control commands, which could then be used to access a desktop computer, maneuver a powered wheelchair, or control other devices in the user's environment. The system has been successfully tested on six able-bodied subjects for computer access by defining six individual commands to resemble mouse functions. Results show that the Tongue Drive system response time for 87\% correctly completed commands is 0.8 s, which yields to an information transfer rate of approximately 130 b/min.
This article was published in IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng
and referenced in Journal of Bioengineering & Biomedical Science