alexa A mechanism for the hypocholesterolaemic activity of saponins.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Pharmacognosy & Natural Products

Author(s): Sidhu GS, Oakenfull DG

Abstract Share this page

Abstract 1. Saponins are steroid or triterpene glycosides which occur in a number of important food plants, including such staples as soya beans (Glycine max) and chickpeas (Cicer arietinum). They are known to be hypocholesterolaemic. 2. Some saponins form an insoluble complex with cholesterol which prevents its absorption from the small intestine. Others cause an increase in the faecal excretion of bile acids, an indirect route for elimination of cholesterol. 3. We have investigated the effects of different saponins on absorption of the bile salt sodium cholate from perfused loops of small intestine, in vivo, in the rat. Purified saponins from soapwort (Saponaria officinalis), soya beans and quillaia (Quillaia saponaria) reduced the rate of absorption of the bile salt; soya-bean and soapwort saponins substantially so but quillaia saponin to a much lesser extent. 4. These results were explained by the formation of large mixed micelles by bile acid and saponin molecules in aqueous solution. These aggregates can have molecular weights in excess of 10(6) daltons, consequently the bile acid molecules incorporated in them are not available for absorption. 5. Control of plasma cholesterol and nutrient absorption through dietary saponins could provide substantial health and nutritional benefits in humans.
This article was published in Br J Nutr and referenced in Journal of Pharmacognosy & Natural Products

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 8th International Conference on Natural & Alternative Medicine
    September 25-27, 2017 Dubai, UAE
  • 3rd World Congress on Medicinal Plants and Natural Products Research
    October 02-04, 2017 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version