alexa A method for characterizing ultrasonically-derived follicular data in heifers.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology

Author(s): Ginther OJ

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Abstract A method was developed for ultrasonically characterizing follicular waves in heifers without the necessity of maintaining day-to-day identities of individual follicles (nonidentity method). Results were compared to a method in which the identities of individual follicles were maintained from day to day (identity method). Data collected daily during 5 estrous cycles were processed by each method, independently, by different operators. The nonidentity method involved grouping and then profiling follicles in order of decreasing diameters without regard to day-to-day identities. The profiling scheme distinguished between follicles of the left versus the right ovary. The dominant and subordinate follicles were readily distinguishable in the nonidentity profiles. When successive dominant follicles developed in the opposite ovary, the follicles were profiled directly. When two successive dominant follicles developed on the same ovary, size information was obscured for a few days where the profiles for each follicle crossed, but continuity of the profiles on each side of the area of ambiguity was maintained. The nonidentity method seemed equivalent to the identity method in determining characteristics of the dominant follicle (e.g., maximal diameter, growth rate, regression rate). Day of emergence of a wave and day of divergence in diameters between dominant and subordinate follicles were readily determined by inspection of the nonidentity profiles. A greater number of subordinate follicles per wave was detected by the nonidentity method due to the inability to individually identify all detected follicles by the identity method. Regression of follicles from a previous wave into the subordinate follicles of a succeeding wave was apparent by either method. The nonidentity method seemed suitable for most needs, was less tedious, and required less skill than the identity method.
This article was published in Theriogenology and referenced in Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology

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