Author(s): Taro Tachibana, Akio Nakamura
A new method was developed for preparing an aqueous colloidal dispersion ofΒ-carotene. This method consists of preparing a solid mixture ofΒ-carotene and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) from their chloroform solution by evaporating the solvent and dissolving the mixture into water. From filtration experiment and electron microscopic observation it was found thatΒ-carotene in its aqueous dispersion exists as colloidal particles with a diameter of about 100 å. Spectroscopic data evidenced thatΒ-carotene is molecularly dispersed in solid of PVP. It was considered that PVP acts as a solid solvent forΒ-carotene and, at the same time, a stabilizing agent for its aqueous dispersion. Instead of PVP, such a hydrophilic-oleophilic substance as methylcellulose, polyvinylmethylether or Aerosol OT could be also used as the dispersing agent. Other materials thanΒ-carotene could be dispersed by similar technique.