alexa A model of Na-K-2Cl cotransport based on ordered ion binding and glide symmetry.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology

Author(s): Lytle C, McManus TJ, Haas M

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Abstract In the duck red blood cell, Na-K-2Cl cotransport exhibits two modes of ion movement: net cotransport and obligate cation exchange. In high-K cells, the predominant exchange is K/K (or K/Rb). In high-Na cells, it becomes Na/Na (or Na/Li). Both represent partial reactions in which a fully loaded carrier releases part of its cargo, rebinds fresh ions, and returns back across the membrane fully loaded. Net cotransport occurs when the carrier unloads completely and returns empty. This mode has a fixed stoichiometry of 1Na:1K:2Cl under all conditions tested. The ion requirements of the two exchanges differ: K/K exchange requires only K and Cl outside but all three ions inside. Na/Na exchange requires all three ions outside but only Na inside. We propose a simple model in which the carrier can only move when either fully loaded or completely empty and in which the ions bind in a strictly ordered sequence. For example, externally, a Na binds first and then a Cl, followed by a K and a second Cl. Internally, the first on is the first off (glide symmetry), so the Na is released first and then the first Cl, followed by the K and finally by the second Cl. Only then can the empty form return to the outside to start a new cycle.
This article was published in Am J Physiol and referenced in Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology

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