alexa A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, retrospective comparison of 5- and 10-day regimens of levofloxacin in a subgroup of patients aged > or =65 years with community-acquired pneumonia.


Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

Author(s): Shorr AF, Zadeikis N, Xiang JX, Tennenberg AM, Wes Ely E

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: This subgroup analysis sought to determine the efficacy and tolerability of a 5-day regimen of levofloxacin 750 mg/d compared with a 10-day regimen of levofloxacin 500 mg/d in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in elderly patients (aged > or =65 years). METHODS: This subgroup analysis was based on the outcomes in patients aged > or =65 years from a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial conducted at 70 US centers. Patients in Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) class I/II and III/IV were randomized to receive levofloxacin 750 mg/d for 5 days or levofloxacin 500 mg/d for 10 days. Study investigators assessed clinical and microbiologic outcomes 7 to 14 days after administration of the last dose of medication and collected adverse events for 30 days after the last dose. RESULTS: This analysis included 177 elderly patients, 80 receiving levofloxacin 750 mg/d for 5 days and 97 receiving levofloxacin 500 mg/d for 10 days. Although most demographic and baseline clinical characteristics were comparable between the 2 groups, the group that received levofloxacin 500 mg/d was older than the group that received levofloxacin 750 mg/d (median age, 76.0 vs 72.5 years, respectively; P = 0.029) and had a higher mean PSI score (90.7 vs 83.1; P = 0.017). Despite the halved duration of therapy, unadjusted clinical success rates were comparable between the 2 groups (89.0\% and 91.9\% in the 750- and 500-mg arms, respectively; 95\% CI, -7.1 to 12.7). Microbiologic eradication rates were 90.3\% (28/31) in the 750-mg arm and 87.5\% (14/16) in the 500-mg arm (P = NS). Multivariate analysis adjusting for baseline PSI score indicated that treatment assignment was not statistically associated with clinical success (adjusted odds ratio for clinical success with 500-mg dose, 1.92; 95\% CI, 0.62 to 5.99). The incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events did not differ between the 2 study treatments. The most common adverse events in both groups were insomnia, constipation, and headache. CONCLUSIONS: This subgroup analysis found that levofloxacin 750 mg/d for 5 days was well tolerated in the treatment of CAP in elderly patients. Undajusted and adjusted rates of clinical success were statistically similar between levofloxacin 750 mg/d for 5 days and levofloxacin 500 mg/d for 10 days.
This article was published in Clin Ther and referenced in Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

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