Author(s): Branner A, Normann RA
Abstract Share this page
Abstract The feasibility of implanting an array of penetrating electrodes into peripheral nerves is studied in acute experiments in the cat sciatic nerve. A novel, silicon-based array of microelectrodes, the Utah Electrode Array, was used, which contains 25 or 100 1-mm long electrodes that project out from a silicon substrate. Electrode arrays of this complexity, when inserted in the peripheral nerve, could cause significant compression of the nerve and block the conduction of action potentials. Using a high velocity insertion technique, the electrode array was implanted into the sciatic nerve. Compound action potentials were evoked by and recorded with cuff electrodes. Compound action potentials recorded 1 h after insertion were only slightly altered from those recorded before insertion. Single units were readily extracted from evoked multiunit neural recordings in response to cutaneous stimulation and limb rotation around joints. Current injections into the nerve through the electrodes evoked muscle twitches with currents in the 10 microA range. Recording and stimulation stability were demonstrated for periods of up to 60 h. We have shown that high density arrays of electrodes can be inserted into the peripheral nerve and can provide a stable recording and stimulating interface to individual peripheral nerve axons. Such an array may be useful in future neuroscience research and potential neuroprosthetic applications.
This article was published in Brain Res Bull
and referenced in International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation