Author(s): Zhang H, Wu CO, Yang Y, Berndt SI, Chanock SJ,
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Abstract Genetic association studies often collect information on secondary phenotypes related to the primary disease status. In many situations, the secondary phenotypes are only measured in subjects with the disease condition. It would be advantageous to model the primary trait and the secondary phenotype together if they share certain level of genetic heritability. We propose a family of multi-locus testing procedures to detect the composite association between a set of genetic markers and two traits (the primary trait and a secondary phenotype), in order to identify genes influencing both traits. The proposed test is derived from a random effect model with two variance components, with each presenting the genetic effect on one trait, and incorporates a model selection procedure for seeking the optimal model to represent the two sources of genetic effects. We conduct simulation studies to evaluate performance of the proposed procedure and apply the method to a genome-wide association study of prostate cancer with the Gleason score as the secondary phenotype. © The Author(s) 2016.
This article was published in Stat Methods Med Res
and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science