Author(s): Zhou W, Wang G, Zhao X, Xiong F, Zhou S,
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Abstract The predominant determinants of α-thalassemia are deletions in the human α-globin gene cluster. A rapid DNA-based assay is needed for mass screening in thalassemia-prevention programs. Herein, we established a novel quadruplex TaqMan qPCR gene dosage assay with two separate combination reactions. The assay directly determined the copy number of human α-globin genes based on relative quantitation of three target genes (HBA2, HBA1, and HBZ or HBPA1) versus a control gene (CREBBP). The assay showed good accuracy, with mean intra-assay and interassay variations of 3.31\% ± 1.02\% and 5.49\% ± 0.32\%, respectively. The assay was evaluated using 678 pretyped clinical DNA samples containing six α-thalassemia deletions in 13 genotypes and 186 normal samples previously screened by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification or gap PCR. As determined by the 2(-ΔΔCq) method, deleted gene dosage ratios were 0.46 to 0.60 in heterozygotes, 0.0 in homozygotes, and 0.97 to 1.07 in nondeleted samples. We found 99.3\% concordance between the quantitative PCR and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification or gap-PCR results. Furthermore, routine screening for α-thalassemia deletions was performed on 3000 random samples in a blind analysis. Results for all 279 positives, which had different deletions, were fully coincident with results from standard methods. We also identified two novel deletions confirmed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. Assays using the novel method are simple and suitable for rapid genotyping and mass screening. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Investigative Pathology and the Association for Molecular Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Mol Diagn
and referenced in Journal of Medical Diagnostic Methods