Author(s): Winograd CH, Gerety MB, Lai NA
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Abstract PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of inpatient interdisciplinary geriatric consultation provided during hospitalization to frail, elderly subjects. SUBJECTS AND SITE: Admission cohort of 197 men admitted from 1985 through 1989, aged 65 years or more, meeting proxy criteria for frailty, living within follow-up area, without terminal illness, and without prolonged nursing home residence. METHODS AND MEASURES: Randomized controlled trial of inpatient geriatric consultation at a tertiary care Veterans Affairs hospital. Differences were determined between groups in the Physical Self-Maintenance Scale, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, Mini-Mental State Examination, Morale Scale, and nursing home and health care utilization. RESULTS: No differences were seen between groups in any measure after the intervention or during 1 year of follow-up. Intervention implementation may have been incomplete due to compliance and resource availability. CONCLUSIONS: This trial is not definitive in determining whether geriatric consultation is effective or ineffective. Lessons learned from this research indicate that future studies should target frail subjects, include intervention-specific measures, and be conducted with direct control of comprehensive resources.
This article was published in Arch Intern Med
and referenced in Journal of Palliative Care & Medicine