Author(s): Le Strat Y, Grant BF, Ramoz N, Gorwood P
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: The accurate cut-off of an early onset of alcohol dependence is unknown. The objectives of this analysis are (1) to confirm that ages at onset variability in alcohol dependence is best described as a two subgroups entity, (2) to define the most appropriate cut-off, and (3) to test the relevancy of such distinction. METHOD: Data were drawn the Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). This study focused on the 4782 adults with lifetime alcohol dependence. RESULTS: The best-fit model distinguished two subgroups of age at onset of alcohol dependence, with a cut-off point at 22 years. Subjects with an earlier onset of alcohol dependence (< or = 22 years old) reported higher lifetime rates of specific phobia, antisocial behaviors and nearly all addictive disorders. CONCLUSIONS: The early onset of alcohol dependence is best defined as beginning before the age of 22 years. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Drug Alcohol Depend
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy