Author(s): Frapolli M, MonneLoccoz Y, Meyer J, Dfago G
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Abstract In the rhizosphere, biocontrol pseudomonads producing 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (Phl) can protect plants from soil-borne pathogens. DGGE of phlD has been proposed to monitor these bacteria, but two distinct protocols were needed for analysis of both the 'Pseudomonas fluorescens' species complex and the strains from rrs restriction group ARDRA-1. Here, a single DGGE protocol performed on 668-bp GC-clamp-containing phlD amplicons was effective with both types of pseudomonads, and 36 reference biocontrol strains from the 'P. fluorescens' complex or group ARDRA-1 gave a total of 11 distinct DGGE bands. phlD amplicons with at least two to seven nucleotidic differences could be discriminated, and the discrimination level was similar to that of phlD restriction analysis with four enzymes. Multiple phlD-DGGE bands were obtained when studying rhizosphere soil containing indigenous phlD+ pseudomonads, and phlD diversity was higher when DGGE was implemented after incubation of tobacco rhizosphere extracts in semi-selective medium (MPN approach) in comparison with approaches based on direct analysis of rhizosphere DNA extracts or assessment of phlD+colonies. phlD-DGGE profiles differed for a soil suppressive and a soil conducive to black root rot of tobacco, and each soil yielded new phlD sequences. In conclusion, this DGGE protocol was useful for monitoring indigenous rhizosphere consortia of phlD+ pseudomonads.
This article was published in FEMS Microbiol Ecol
and referenced in Hereditary Genetics: Current Research