alexa A new insect neurotoxin AngP1 with analgesic effect from the scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch: purification and characterization.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Guan RJ, Wang M, Wang D, Wang DC

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Abstract An insect toxin named BmK AngP1 was purified from the venom of the scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch (BmK). It also shows an evident analgesic effect on mice, but is interestingly devoid of mammalian toxicity. Bioassay showed that the CPU value of AngP1 was 0.01 microg/body ( approximately 30 mg) for the excitatory insect toxicity and 43.0\% inhibition efficiency for analgesia at a dose of 5 mg/kg. However, even at the dosage of 10 mg/kg no detectable toxicity on mice could be found. The isoelectric point (pI) value for AngP1 was 4.0, and its molecular mass analyzed by MALDI-TOF MS was 8141.0. The first 15 N-terminal residues of AngP1 were determined by Edman degradation and showed high similarity to that of other excitatory scorpion insect toxins. The circular dichroism spectroscopy measured on a JASCO J-720 system showed that there were 10.4\% alpha-helix, 46.2\% beta-strand and 14.1\% turn structure in this peptide. Under two conditions single crystals of AngP1 were obtained.
This article was published in J Pept Res and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

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