alexa A new mathematical equation relating activation energy to bond angle and distance: A key for understanding the role of acceleration in lactonization of the trimethyl lock system.
Medicine

Medicine

Drug Designing: Open Access

Author(s): Karaman R

Abstract Share this page

Abstract AM1 semi-empirical molecular orbital and ab initio HF at the 6-31G level calculations for the lactonization processes of 12 different hydroxy acids (1a-1l) which differ in their structural features have been conducted. The calculations obtained reveal the following: (1) The rate-limiting step in the lactonization process is formation of a tetrahedral intermediate and not its collapse as was previously reported. (2) The rate-limiting step in both the acid-catalyzed and uncatalyzed lactonization is composed of two successive steps: approach of the hydroxyl toward the carbonyl carbon until it reaches a distance of 1.4 -1.5A, followed by proton transfer from the ether-type oxygen to one of the hydroxyls in the tetrahedral intermediate. Calculations of the activation energies for formation of the tetrahedral intermediate in the 12 hydroxy acids studied indicate: (1) A linear relationship exists between the change in enthalpic energy (E) and the ratio of the attack angle (nucleophilic-oxygen/carbonyl-carbon/alphalambdapietaalpha-carbon) to the distance (nucleophilic-oxygen/carbonyl-carbon) termed alpha/r; (2) The slope (S) of E vs. alpha/r plots depend on the nature of the hydroxy acids. Furthermore, plots of S values against the experimental rate values (log k(exp)) show a linear correlation with a high correlation coefficient. The combined results suggest that hydroxy acids with low S values have high k(exp) values due to enthalpic proximity effects. This article was published in Bioorg Chem and referenced in Drug Designing: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords