Author(s): Unkelbach K, Gardemann A, Kostrzewa M, Philipp M, Tillmanns H
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Recent findings suggest that inflammation plays a role in atherosclerosis and its acute complications. Cellular response in infections with Gram-negative bacteria is mediated by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which activates monocytes to expression of cytokines, growth factors, and procoagulatory factors via LPS receptor CD14. Endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells are stimulated by a complex of LPS and soluble CD14. In this study, LPS receptor CD14 was analyzed to find genetic variants and check them for an association with coronary artery disease or myocardial infarction (MI). When screening the CD14 gene by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis, a promoter polymorphism was detected and confirmed as a T-to-C exchange at position -159. We determined the genotypes of 2228 men who had undergone coronary angiography for diagnostic purposes. Within the total study group there was no significant association of either genotype with MI or coronary artery disease. However, in a subgroup with low coronary risk (normotensive nonsmokers), a relative risk for MI in probands homozygous for the T allele could be evaluated (OR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.0 to 2.4; P<0.05). The association was even stronger in low-risk patients older than 62 years (OR, 3.8; 95% CI, 1.6 to 9.0; P<0.01). In conclusion, we describe a new CD14 promoter polymorphism that is associated with MI, especially in older patients with a low atherosclerotic risk profile.
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This article was published in ArteriosclerThrombVascBiol
and referenced in Immunotherapy: Open Access