alexa A new strategy for prophylactic surgery in BRCA women: Combined mastectomy and laparoscopic salpingo-oophorectomy with immediate reconstruction by double DIEP flap.


Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Author(s): Hunsinger V, Marchac AC, Derder M, Hivelin M, Lecuru F,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Prophylactic surgery remains the most effective modality for reducing both breast and ovarian cancer rate in woman at high risk, such as BRCA1 or BRCA2. Autologous breast reconstruction with bilateral deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap allows predictable and durable results. However, existing two-step approach separating salpingo-oophorectomy and reconstruction could even make DIEP flap impossible, or make insufflation more difficult during laparoscopy. Other authors described one-step procedure but with open laparotomy. The goal of this study was to verify the feasibility of a simultaneous procedure, including laparoscopic salpingo-oophorectomy. METHODS: We included BRCA mutation careers scheduled for simultaneous laparoscopic salpingo-oophorectomy, and bilateral breast reconstruction with DIEP flaps. The first step of the procedure was laparoscopic salpingo-oophorectomy and ports had to be strategically placed to avoid interference with the following procedure. The second step was bilateral breast reconstruction with DIEP flaps. We reviewed medical charts. Surgical procedure was analyzed for duration, revisions and surgical complications. RESULTS: During 1-year period, eight patients agreed to a simultaneous procedure. All of them were BRCA positive, mean age was 38.3years (range, 39-50), and mean BMI was 28.3kg/m(2) (range, 21-33). The mean duration of the entire procedure was 524minutes (range, 405-630) and the mean hospital stay 9.2 days (range, 8-14). There was 100\% flap survival. No abdominal wall dehiscence occurred. CONCLUSION: One-step procedure for prophylactic surgery of ovarian and breast hereditary malignancies is feasible. First salpingo-oophorectomy with open laparoscopy then bilateral immediate or delayed breast reconstruction with DIEP flaps can be performed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. This article was published in Ann Chir Plast Esthet and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

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