Author(s): Brod M, Wolden M, Christensen T, Bushnell DM
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Abstract AIMS: The purpose of this study was to explore the burden and impact of non-severe nocturnal hypoglycaemic events (NSNHEs) on diabetes management, patient functioning and well-being in order to better understand the role that NSNHEs play in caring for persons with diabetes and facilitate optimal diabetes treatment management strategies. METHODS: A 20-min survey assessing the impact of NSNHEs was administered to patients with self-reported diabetes age 18 or older via the Internet in nine countries (USA, UK, Germany, Canada, France, Italy, Spain, The Netherlands and Sweden) who experienced an NSNHE in the last month. Questions captured reasons for and length of the event, and impacts on diabetes management, daily function, sleep and well-being. RESULTS: A total of 20 212 persons with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were screened of which 2108 respondents were eligible. Respondents initiated, on average, an additional 3.6 glucose monitoring tests, and did not resume usual functioning for an average of 3.4 hours after the NSNHE. Of the respondents using insulin, 15.8\% decreased their insulin dose over an average of 3.6 days. NSNHEs also impacted sleep, with 10.4\% not returning to sleep that night. Next day functioning was affected with 60.3\% (n = 1273) feeling the need to take a nap and/or rest (with 65.5\% of those actually taking a nap/rest) and 40.2\% (n = 848) wanting to go to bed earlier than usual. A total of 21.4\% were restricted in their driving the next day. These events also resulted in decreased well-being with 39.6\% of respondents feeling 'emotional low' the following day. CONCLUSIONS: NSNHEs have serious consequences for patients. Greater attention to patient and physician education regarding the burden of NSNHEs and incorporation of corrective actions in treatment plans is needed to facilitate patients reaching optimal glycaemic control. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
This article was published in Diabetes Obes Metab
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism