Author(s): Shu XZ, Zhu KJ
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Abstract A novel approach was developed to improve the mechanical strength of tripolyphosphate (TPP)/chitosan beads prepared under coagulation condition at 4 degrees C in the presence of gelatin. Cross-sectional analysis indicated that the beads had a homogeneous crosslinked structure, as a result the beads were strengthened greatly (the mechanical strength increased more than ten times). Furthermore sodium alginate (a polyanion) can interact with cationic chitosan on the surface of these TPP/chitosan beads to form polyelectrolyte complex film for the improvement of the drug sustained release performances. The loading efficiency of model drugs (brilliant blue and FITC-dextran) in these beads was very high (more than 90\%). Crosslinking time, TPP solution pH and other preparation factors had an effect on the drug release performance of beads. The release period of brilliant blue (a poor water soluble dye) was more than 2-months at a fairly constant rate in 0.9\% NaCl, 10 mM PBS pH 7.4. However, for FITC-dextran (a water soluble polysaccharide) only 1-2 days in the same conditions. It seems that TPP/chitosan bead prepared by the novel method is a promising formulation for drug delivery.
This article was published in Int J Pharm
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine