alexa A novel immunosuppressive agent FTY720 induced Akt dephosphorylation in leukemia cells.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Medicinal Chemistry

Author(s): Matsuoka Y, Nagahara Y, Ikekita M, Shinomiya T

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Abstract 1. Our previous studies revealed that the immunosuppressive agent, FTY720, mainly induces mitochondria-involved apoptosis in some types of cancer cells, since Bcl-2 overexpression prevents the FTY720-induction of apoptotic stimuli. Furthermore, FTY720 induces G0/G1 cell cycle arrest. The present study further examines the correlation between intracellular signaling kinases with FTY720-induced mitochondria-involved apoptosis. 2. Human T cell leukemia Jurkat was exposed to FTY720. Dephosphorylation of Akt occurred in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. FTY720 also induced Bad (Ser(136)) and ribosomal p70S6 kinase (p70(S6k)) (Thr(389)) dephosphorylation. 3. FTY720-induced Akt dephosphorylation was not because of Akt upstream phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI 3-kinase) pathway inhibition. 4. FTY720 also induced Akt dephosphorylation in human B cell leukemia BALL-1. BALL-1 cells were resistant to FTY720-induced apoptosis. 5. Okadaic acid (OA) inhibited the FTY720-induced dephosphorylation of Akt and p70(S6k), suggesting that FTY720 promotes Ser/Thr protein phosphatase (PP) activity. 6. OA partially inhibited FTY720-induced caspase-3 activation. 7. PP2A or PP2A-like phosphatase was temporarily activated in cells exposed to FTY720. In addition, FTY720 activated purified PP2A (ABC). 8. Overall, the results suggest that FTY720 activated PP2A or PP2A-like phosphatase and dephosphorylated Akt pathway factors resulting in the enhancement of apoptosis via mitochondria.
This article was published in Br J Pharmacol and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry

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