Author(s): Ito M, Nagasawa M, Omae N, Tsunoda M, Ishiyama J,
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Abstract Insulin plays important roles in apoptosis and lipid droplet (LD) formation, and it is one of the determinants involved in increasing fat mass. However, the mechanisms underlying insulin-induced enlargement of fat mass remain unclear. Our previous study suggested that insulin-induced increases in LDs are related to c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)2-mediated upregulation of cell death-inducing DNA fragmentation factor-α-like effector (CIDE)C in human adipocytes. However, other genes involved in insulin/JNK2-induced LD formation are unknown. Here, we explored insulin/JNK2-regulated genes to clarify the mechanism of enlargement of LDs. Microarray analysis revealed that an insulin/JNK2 pathway mostly regulates expression of genes involved in lipid metabolism, including sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-1, a key transcription factor of lipogenesis. The JNK inhibitor SP600125 blocked insulin-induced upregulation of SREBP-1c expression. Small interfering RNA-mediated depletion of JNK2 suppressed insulin-induced nuclear accumulation of the active form of SREBP-1 protein and upregulation of SREBP-1c. Furthermore, depletion of JNK2 attenuated insulin-induced upregulation of SREBP-1c target lipogenic enzymes, leading to reduced de novo fatty acid synthesis. In addition, JNK2 coimmunoprecipitated with SREBP-1, reinforcing the correlation between JNK2 and SREBP-1. These results suggest that SREBP-1c is a novel insulin/JNK2-regulated gene and that the JNK2/SREBP-1c pathway mediates insulin-induced fatty acid synthesis, which may lead to enlargement of LDs in human adipocytes.
This article was published in J Lipid Res
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences