alexa A novel polymorphism of the gene encoding furin, a TGF-beta1 activator, and the influence on cardiac allograft vasculopathy formation.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Densem CG, Mutlak AS, Pravica V, Brooks NH, Yonan N,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Coronary vasculopathy (CV) is an important determinant of survival following cardiac transplantation. We have previously shown that G915C polymorphism of the Transforming Growth Factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) gene strongly influences CV development. Furin is a proprotein convertase enzyme important in TGF-beta1 activation. We investigated for polymorphism within the promoter region of the gene for furin (fur). Allelic variation of the fur gene, in conjunction with TGF-beta1 polymorphism, was subsequently related to the development of CV. METHODS AND RESULTS: The fur gene promoter region (position -1199 to +39) was analysed by SSCP and sequencing. A C/T single nucleotide substitution polymorphism at position -231* was identified. Using PCR the fur and TGFB1 genotypes were identified in 115 cardiac transplant recipients. CV was diagnosed at routine surveillance post-transplant coronary angiography. Fur polymorphism had no influence on vasculopathy development; median time to diagnosis, *C/C homozygotes, 2.27 years (2.10-4.32), *C/T heterozygotes 2.97 years (2.09-4.24), *T/T homozygotes 2.65 years (2.33-4.08), (P=0.95). Allelic variation did not influence Kaplan Meier actuarial analysis of disease onset (P=0.54). Ninety-three percent of recipients were high TGF-beta1 producers. We used fur polymorphism to substratify patients with the +915*G/G TGFB1 (high producing) allele. Fur polymorphism did not influence CV development within this TGF-beta1 high producer cohort, when analysed by time to first diagnosis and Kaplan Meier testing. CONCLUSIONS: We have described a novel polymorphism at position -231* in the gene encoding furin. The fur -231* single nucleotide polymorphism in isolation, or in conjunction with TGFB1 polymorphism, is not useful as a genetic risk marker for cardiac transplant associated coronary vasculopathy. This article was published in Transpl Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

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