Author(s): Ramirez AE, Cheng HY, Lao WW, Wang YL, Wen CJ,
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Abstract Vascularized bone marrow transplantation (VBMT) appears to promote tolerance for vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA). However, it is unclear whether VBMT is critical for tolerance induction and, if so, whether there is a finite amount of VCA that VBMT can support. We investigated this with a novel VCA combined flap model incorporating full-thickness hemiabdominal wall and hindlimb osteomyocutaneous (HAW/HLOMC) flaps. Effects of allograft mass (AM) and VBMT on VCA outcome were studied by comparing HAW/HLOMC VCAs with fully MHC-mismatched BN donors and Lewis recipients. Control groups did not receive treatments following transplantation. Treatment groups received a short course of cyclosporine A (CsA), antilymphocyte serum, and three doses of adipocyte-derived stem cells (POD 1, 8, and 15). The results showed that all flaps in control allogeneic groups rejected soon after VCAs. Treatment significantly prolonged allograft survival. Three of eight recipients in HLOMC treatment group had allografts survive long-term and developed donor-specific tolerance. Significantly higher peripheral chimerism was observed in HLOMC than other groups. It is concluded that the relative amount of AM to VBMT is a critical factor influencing long-term allograft survival. Accordingly, VBMT content compared with VCA mass may be an important consideration for VCA in humans. © 2014 Steunstichting ESOT.
This article was published in Transpl Int
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy